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Types of Carpet

 Types of Carpet >> Fabrics >> Staple / Synthetic Carpets

Generally, Synthetic Fibers were invented for a better substitute, strength wise, than natural fiber or yarn. They are widely used in various applications ranging from textile, parachutes and military purpose, industries, horticulture, and carpets, etc.
The augment of synthetic fibers or manmade fibers started in the late 19th century with the manufacturing of Viscose.


At first, synthetic fiber was made by scientists from naturally obtained products. Nevertheless, commercially more viable artificial threads were introduced, derived from synthetic polymers. Obtained from plant cellulose, cellulose fiber was manufactured. Gradually, with the advent of technology and scientific developments, many other types of artificial threads were introduced. Some are true derivatives of synthetic polymers while others are chemically consequential from blending both natural as well as synthetic polymers.


Rayon and acetate are such manmade fibers, which are derived from plant cellulose. However, it is radically altered form of cellulose that is used in making such fibers. They are also known as regenerated fibers. One more group of manmade fibers includes laboratory-made nylon, polyurethanes, polyacrylis, etc.


An artificial yet popular substitute for silk known as Viscose (CV) is cheaper than its natural counterpart. It is also obtained from plant cellulose. Many carpets are being woven with a pile of this thread. It is a much less durable one in a carpet. Nevertheless, it provides a pleasurable feeling on the carpet surface. Polypropylene or Heatsetgarne (PP) is also used as a pile substance in machine woven carpets. Its advantages include being light weight, and a good insulator. However, being inexpensive than natural fibers, unfortunately it is not a good moisture absorbing material. This makes it a bad temperature regulator. Moreover, the finished feeling is quite unrefined with dissatisfaction.

 
Polyacrylis (PAN) is also used as a pile material, chiefly for hand-tufted carpets. Advantageous in the cases of good heat insulation, less expensive, softer in feel, it is voted out for less moisture absorption and inappropriate temperature regulation.

 
Considering carpets made from synthetic fibers are by and large not affable to human health. In many cases, lab-created fibers produce pungent and toxic gases while burning. With large surface areas, poor maintenance, synthetic fiber carpets could encourage trapping of dirt particles for an estimated duration of time. However, after saturation of dirt, such carpets could re-release it back into the atmosphere. This results in circulation of grime and dust to circulate within the environment of the interior. Fortunately, to combat such a situation, many fibers are produced these days, which contain antimicrobial add-ons. Such modified fiber-type carpets help in controlling a big range of allergens as an innovative step towards creating healthy ambiance with beauty.

 
Talking about staple yarns, they are yarns fashioned in small lengths. It is spun and intertwined together (like cotton) to outline long fibers of yarn and tufted into a carpet. Carpets, which are woven by synthetic staple yarn, are called as Staple Carpets. One of the biggest disadvantages with such carpets is that with time the staple fibers start shedding loose. However, it is a normal occurrence and doesn’t affect the overall appearance much.

More Types of Fabric Carpets

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Wool Carpets
Silk Carpets

 

 
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